(Cichorium intybus)

It is home in Europe, West-Asia and North-Africa; in Africa, North America and South America it was towed. In Central Europe she grows in pastures, Ruderal places and fields. Also in vineyards one finds them rather frequent.

The Romans used the „blue flower“ as a medicament plant, with Hildegard von Bingen she appears as „Sonnenwirbel“ – the blossoms turn as the sun and shut in the midday. Already in the 16th century it was distinguished between garden and country lane waiting. The breeding form is to the food „more delightfully“ one says. “Wegwarten” strongly react to the ground. It is the principal form of chicory salad, Radicchio and chicory. From the breeding form „root chicory“ the roots were added first to the bean coffee to lend to this more colour and bitterness. From the middle of the 18th century it was also used as „Cheap-Coffee“. Friedrich der Große promoted the cultivation. For the salad only the sprigs are used. The turnip-like roots are dug in addition in November and are covered, then during the winter firm buds sprout from the “shoulders” of the before shorted sheets and from the terminal buds to 5-cm-thick – the chicory. By the light protection they are bleach and softly.